The Pushed Slab is located between two completely different urban grids: the dense city fabric of blocks and streets in the north and the loose urban fabric in the south, with its clearly defined and straightforward infrastructure. The design is based on the office space and energy requirements. The project combines proven energy efficiency technologies with individual office floors and outside spaces such as patios, balconies and a garden. The building is highly flexible, offering three cores and a central lobby. It can be rented out to one or various tenants, without any structural changes.
The building is located on a former rail embankment of approximately 4,000 m². The building follows the delimitations of the site, forming a slab-shaped volume 150 m long and 21 m wide. An opening in the building preserves the view of a historic building. To create this urban window and to enhance the urban quality of the neighbourhood, the slab is “pushed” until it breaks, then twisted and pushed to the south. This act of pushing leads to a distortion of the floors, offering multiple terraces which can be directly accessed from the work areas, as well as from the external staircases. The urban window offers a large terrace on the second level. The terrace and the balconies are planted with trees in large pots, offering employees a pleasant environment to relax.
The building has two faces: a calm side in dialogue with the urban fabric of the north side of Paris, and a more dynamic side facing south, at right angles to the boulevard. The building is wrapped in a skin of wood. The windows form a rhythmic ribbon, enabling optimal sun and light control within the inner spaces. To contribute to sustainable development and taking the impact of deforestation into account, FSC certified wood is used.
Winy Maas, principal architect and co-founder of MVRDV, says “Pushed Slab is an exemplary combination of high energy efficiency, economic reality and architectural quality. This emerged from an ambitious client, ICADE, and a city with a long-term vision. The added demand of a preserved visual axis gave the project its exciting shape, it now respects the surrounding neighbours and it opens up its heart towards a collective meaning”.
The “Pushed Slab” is the first project to be realised in the first eco-quarter in Paris. 264 photovoltaic panels on the roof will generate 90 MW/year and a grey water circuit will be implemented. 22 solar thermal collectors will generate 45% of the energy needed to heat the water. Sun blinds are integrated in the south façade and in the incisions. The building is insulated from the outside in order to reduce thermal waste. The combination of these proven reliable techniques results in a highly efficient low-energy building, leading to an energy consumption of 46 kWh per m²/year, achieving a BBC Effinergie energy label and complying with the objectives set out in the “Plan Climat de la ville de Paris”.
The building is designed by MVRDV in cooperation with local architect North by North West, in a joint effort with the engineering and advisory firms Arcoba (Saint Denis), Terrell, Vanguard, Alto and contractor Eiffage Construction, and interior design firm Métope Architectes on behalf of Banque Populaire.